Javascript verkar inte påslaget? - Vissa delar av Lunds universitets webbplats fungerar inte optimalt utan javascript, kontrollera din webbläsares inställningar.
Du är här

A relevance-theoretic account of the pragmatic marker ba in Mandarin Chinese

Publiceringsår: 2010
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 261-287
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Chinese Linguistics
Volym: 38
Nummer: 2
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: University of California


Abstract in Chinese


Marita Ljungqvist



本文以关联理论为依据试图对汉语句末助词”吧”的用法进行全面的解释与分析。 结果表明,”吧” 在陈述句、疑问句与祈使句都具有类似的用法,即表示说话者面向听话者对自己表达的命题(陈述句、疑问句) 或言语行为(祈使句)之承诺。结果还表明”吧”有时同英文的像 yeah 、right 、innit 类似的所谓”tags” 的词语一样 起着鼓励听话者更积极/投入地参加会话的作用。 在这种语境里”吧”的出现表示礼貌而不一定意味着说话者要听话者回应或确认命题的真实价值。


This paper aims to present a proposal for a relevance-theoretic description of the use of the particle ba in Mandarin Chinese. The result of the analyses of the data shows that ba is a pragmatic marker with a similar function in declaratives, interrogatives and imperatives, i.e. to indicate hearer-oriented weak commitment towards either the proposition expressed (declaratives, interrogatives) or the speech act expressed (imperatives). The results also indicate that ba can be compared to tags such as English yeah, right? and innit? and that it is often used more generally to engage the hearer in the conversation and expressing politeness with no real intention of allowing for a response or confirmation from him/her.


  • History and Archaeology
  • discourse markers
  • pragmatics
  • Relevance Theory
  • Mandarin Chinese


  • ISSN: 0091-3723

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at]

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen