Meny

Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
Du är här

Polyamine synthesis inhibition induces S phase cell cycle arrest in vascular smooth muscle cells.

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 273-282
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Amino acids
Volym: 36
Dokumenttyp: Artikel

Sammanfattning

Polyamines are important for cell growth and proliferation and they are formed from arginine and ornithine via arginase and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC). Arginine may alternatively be metabolised to NO via NO synthase. Here we study if vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation can be reversed by polyamine synthesis inhibitors and investigate their mechanism of action. Cell proliferation was assessed in cultured vascular smooth muscle A7r5 cells and in endothelium-denuded rat arterial rings by measuring [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation and by cell counting. Cell cycle phase distribution was determined by flow cytometry and polyamines by HPLC. Protein expression was determined by Western blotting. The ODC inhibitor DFMO (1-10 mM) reduced polyamine concentration and attenuated proliferation in A7r5 cells and rat tail artery. DFMO accumulated cells in S phase of the cell cycle and reduced cyclin A expression. DFMO had no effect on cell viability and apoptosis as assessed by fluorescence microscopy. Polyamine concentration and cellular proliferation were not affected by the arginase inhibitor NOHA (100-200 muM) and the NO synthase inhibitor L: -NAME (100 muM). Lack of effect of NOHA was reflected by absence of arginase expression. Polyamine synthesis inhibition attenuates vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation by reducing DNA synthesis and accumulation of cells in S phase, and may be a useful approach to prevent vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in cardiovascular diseases.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Medicine and Health Sciences

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 1438-2199

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at] lu [dot] se

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen