Inhibitory effect on arterial injury-induced neointimal formation by adoptive B-cell transfer in Rag-1 knockout mice.
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol
Förlag: American Heart Association, Inc.
We investigated the effect of B-cell reconstitution in immune-deficient Rag-1 knockout (KO) mice subjected to arterial injury. After 21 days, injury induced a 4- to 5-fold increase in neointimal formation in Rag-1 KO mice fed normal chow compared with wild-type (WT) mice (0.020+/-0.0160 n=8 versus 0.0049+/-0.0022 n=8 mm(2), respectively; P<0.05) and in western-type diet-fed Rag-1 KO mice compared with WT mice (0.0312+/-0.0174 n=7 versus 0.0050+/-0.0028 n=6 mm(2), respectively; P<0.05). To investigate the role of B cells in response to injury, Rag-1 KO mice were reconstituted with B cells derived from the spleens of WT mice, with donors and recipients on the same diet. Reconstitution of Rag-1 KO mice with B cells from WT mice (both fed normal chow) reduced neointimal formation compared with the effect in unreconstituted Rag-1 KO mice (0.0076+/-0.0039 n=9 versus 0.020+/-0.0160 n=8 mm(2), respectively; P<0.05). Reconstitution of Rag-1 KO mice with B cells from WT mice (both fed a western diet) reduced neointimal formation compared the effect in Rag-1 KO mice (0.0087+/-0.0037 n=8 versus 0.0312+/-0.0174 n=7 mm(2), respectively; P<0.05). Injured carotid arteries from reconstituted Rag-1 KO mice had detectable IgM and IgG, indicating viable transfer of B cells. The results suggest that B cells modulate the response to arterial injury.
- Medicine and Health Sciences
- Immunoglobulin M : blood
- Immunoglobulin G : blood
- Homeodomain Proteins : drug effects
- Cholesterol : blood
- Carotid Arteries : pathology
- Carotid Arteries : immunology
- B-Lymphocytes : transplantation
- B-Lymphocytes : immunology
- Adoptive Transfer
- Non-U.S. Gov't
- Tunica Intima : growth & development
- Tunica Intima : immunology
- Tunica Intima : injuries
- ISSN: 1524-4636