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Antibody evolution from the centre to the periphery: applied to a human antibody fragment recognising the tumour-associated antigen mucin-1.

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2002
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 407-416
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: J Mol Biol
Volym: 318
Nummer: 2
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Academic Press

Sammanfattning

Mucin-1 has proven to be a suitable target for antibody-based diagnosis and therapy of certain tumours, but no appropriate human antibody or antibody fragment displaying slow dissociation rate kinetics against this target is available. Since a rapid dissociation character prevents an antibody fragment from remaining at the site of the antigen, this fact may prevent the successful application of a human mucin-1 specific antibody in diagnosis and therapy. We have now used iterative antibody libraries to evolve a human antibody fragment originally obtained from a naïve antibody library. A strategy was devised whereby molecular variants displaying slow dissociation kinetics against the repetitive mucin-1 tumour-associated antigen can be selected in vitro. The evolved clones, that allowed for a reduced dissociation from the tumour antigen, carried substitutions in the outer parts of the binding site. This demonstrated the ability of this in vitro evolution technique to mimic the process whereby antibodies evolve in vivo. We have thus devised a strategy through which molecular variants displaying slow dissociation from a repetitive target like the mucin-1 tumour-associated antigen can be obtained in vitro. These or related molecules obtained by this approach will serve as a starting point for the development of fully human antibodies for use in mucin-1 specific tumour therapy of diagnosis.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Chemistry
  • Biology and Life Sciences
  • Technology and Engineering
  • Antibody Diversity
  • CA-15-3 Antigen : immunology
  • Complementarity Determining Regions
  • Evolution
  • Molecular
  • Protein Conformation
  • Neoplasms : therapy
  • Neoplasms : immunology
  • Neoplasms : diagnosis
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Models
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments : genetics
  • Human
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments : chemistry
  • Amino Acid Sequence

Övrigt

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0022-2836

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