How the inner world is reflected in relation to perceived ward atmosphere among patients with psychosis
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
BACKGROUND: This study focused on how cognitive ability, personality traits, self-rated psychiatric symptoms, and social functioning were related to the way in which patients with psychosis perceived supportive aspects of the ward atmosphere. METHODS: Patients at a psychiatric rehabilitation unit (PRU) in southern Sweden completed a ward atmosphere questionnaire (COPES), rated their psychiatric symptoms (SCL-90), self-image (SASB), and were tested on cognitive functioning (WAIS-R) and global social functioning (GAF). They were diagnosed according to ICD-10. Data were analysed by means of logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Self-monitoring and restraining (self-control), one cluster in the SASB, was the strongest factor associated with how the patients perceived the ward atmosphere. A perceived high level of self-control indicated high levels of perceived Support, Practical orientation, and Order and organisation of the ward atmosphere. A high level of self-rated paranoid symptoms (SCL-90) increased the risk of perceiving a high level of Anger and aggression and a low level of Program clarity. Regarding cognitive ability (WAIS-R), two factors were important for predicting perceived ward atmosphere. A low level of social competence was associated with a low level of perceived Order and organisation. Furthermore, a low level of abstract thinking was related to a low level of perceived Anger and aggression, while a high level of abstract thinking was associated with a low level of Program clarity. Patients with schizophrenia exhibited a lower level of Self-monitoring and restraining than patients with other psychoses. CONCLUSION: The results from this study indicate that individual factors such as self-control, paranoid symptoms and social competence may be important for how the ward atmosphere is perceived. This is important knowledge when monitoring the ward atmosphere to better fit a unit's target group.
- Occupational Therapy
- ISSN: 0933-7954