Comparison of two leukapheresis programs for computerized collection of blood progenitor cells on a new cell separator
BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs) can be collected on various cell separators. Two leukapheresis programs (LP-MNC and LP-PBSC-Lym) were evaluated for computerized collection of PBPCs on a new cell separator. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Leukapheresis assisted by the LP-MNC or LP-PBSC-Lym software was performed for the harvesting of PBPCs in 52 oncology patients after chemotherapy plus G-CSF treatment and in 18 healthy subjects after G-CSF mobilization alone. RESULTS: A total of 38 components from 33 donors via LP-MNC and 43 components from 37 donors via LP-PBSC-Lym were collected with a median of one (range, one to two) standard-volume leukapheresis procedures (9.2-13.3 L) per donor. There were no significant differences between the two groups concerning median counts of WBCs, CD34+ cells, CD34+ cell yields per harvest, and CD34+ cell yields of cumulative harvests. The blood cell counts after leukapheresis revealed that the LP-MNC resulted in significantly higher platelet loss than LP-PBSC-Lym (p = 0.024): 35.9 percent (range, 19.2%-66.1%) versus 29.7 percent (11.6%-52.3%). Regarding the CD34+ cell collection efficiency, the LP-MNC program was significantly better than the LP-PBSC-Lym program (p < 0.001): 77.5 percent (range, 35.5%-98.9%) versus 58.3 percent (range, 20.4%-98.9%). However, concentrates collected by the LP-PBSC-Lym program had significantly higher percentages of MNCs (p < 0.001) and CD34+ cells (p = 0.028) than harvests with the LP-MNC program: 90 percent (range, 69%-99%) versus 70 percent (range, 35%-98%) and 1.2 percent (range, 0.2%-7.3%) versus 0.7 percent (range, 0.2%-6.0%), respectively. No leukapheresis-related serious adverse events were seen, and time for hematopoietic engraftment was equivalent to data published in the literature. CONCLUSION: The LP-MNC program shows a significantly better CD34+ cell collection efficiency than the LP-PBSC-Lym program. However, collections with the LP-MNC program result in PBPC components with a lower MNC and CD34+ cell concentrations and a higher apheresis-related loss of patient's platelets.
- ISSN: 0041-1132