Meny

Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
Du är här

Memory and brain in food-storing birds: Space oddities or adaptive specializations?

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2008
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 633-645
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Ethology
Volym: 114
Nummer: 7
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Blackwell Publishing

Sammanfattning

Scatterhoarding birds that cache food items have become an important model system for the study of spatial memory and its correlates in the brain. In particular, it has been suggested that through adaptive specialization, species that cache food have better spatial memory and a relatively larger hippocampus than their non-caching relatives. Critics of this approach, dubbed neuroecology, maintain that neither of these hypotheses has been confirmed. Here, we review the evidence pertaining to a correlation between food-storing capability and the relative volume of the hippocampus. Hippocampal volume has been related to food-storing behaviour in comparisons between species, within species, or within individuals, but the evidence is not consistent. There are several possible reasons for this inconsistency, including: (1) food-hoarding birds may not always use memory for retrieval, (2) there may be systematic differences between data from North American and Eurasian species that affect the analysis, and (3) sample sizes have in many cases been too small. In addition, both the independent variable (degree of food-hoarding specialization) and the dependent variable (relative volume of the hippocampus) are not clearly and consistently defined. Alternatively, it is possible that the neuroecological hypothesis is false. Systematic empirical research is necessary to determine whether or not food-storing birds have evolved adaptive specializations in brain and cognition.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Biology and Life Sciences

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0179-1613

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at] lu [dot] se

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen