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Genetic engineering of the Trichoderma reesei endoglucanase I (Cel7B) for enhanced partitioning in aqueous two-phase systems containing thermoseparating ethylene oxide-propylene oxide copolymers

Publiceringsår: 2001
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 179-191
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Biotechnology
Volym: 87
Nummer: 2
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Elsevier

Sammanfattning

Endoglucanases (endo-1,4---glucan-4-glucanohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.4) are industrially important enzymes. In this study endoglucanase I (EGI or Cel7B) of the filamentous fungi Trichoderma reesei has been genetically engineered to investigate the influence of tryptophan rich peptide extensions (tags) on partitioning in an aqueous two-phase model system. EGI is a two-domain enzyme and is composed of a N-terminal catalytic domain and a C-terminal cellulose binding domain, separated by a linker. The aim was to find an optimal tag and fusion position, which further could be utilised for large scale extractions. Peptide tags of different length and composition were attached at various localisations of EGI. The fusion proteins were expressed from T. reesei with the use of the gpdA promoter from Aspergillus nidulans. Variations in secreted levels between the engineered proteins were obtained. The partitioning of EGI in an aqueous two-phase system composed of a thermoseparating ethylene oxide–propylene oxide random copolymer (EO50PO50) and dextran, could be significantly improved by relatively minor genetic engineering. The (Trp-Pro)4 tag added after a short stretch of the linker, containing five proline residues, gave in the highest partition coefficient of 12.8. The yield in the top phase was 94%. The specific activity was 83% of the specific activity of unmodified EGI on soluble substrate. The efficiency of a tag fused to a protein is shown by the tag efficiency factor (TEF). A hypothetical TEF of 1.0 would indicate full tag exposure and optimal contribution to the protein partitioning by the fused tag. The location of the fusion point after the sequence of five proline residues in the linker of EGI is the most beneficial in two-phase separation. The highest TEF (0.97) was obtained with the (Trp-Pro)2 tag at this position, indicating full exposure and intactness of the tag. However, the peptide tag composed of (Trp-Pro)4 improved the partition properties the most but had lower TEF in comparison to (Trp-Pro)2

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Chemistry
  • Separation
  • Aqueous two-phase system
  • Gene fusion
  • Trichoderma reesei
  • Endoglucanase I
  • Tryptophan

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0168-1656

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