CD44-stimulated human B cells express transcripts specifically involved in immunomodulation and inflammation as analyzed by DNA microarrays
Förlag: The American Society of Hematology
A number of studies have implicated a role for the cell surface glycoprotein CD44 in several biologic events, such as lymphopoiesis, homing, lymphocyte activation, and apoptosis. We have earlier reported that signaling via CD44 on naive B cells in addition to B-cell receptor (BCR) and CD40 engagement generated a germinal center-like phenotype. To further characterize the global role of CD44 in B differentiation, we examined the expression profile of human B cells cultured in vitro in the presence or absence of CD44 ligation, together with anti-immunoglobulin (anti-Ig) and anti-CD40 antibodies. The data sets derived from DNA microarrays were analyzed using a novel statistical analysis scheme created to retrieve the most likely expression pattern of CD44 ligation. Our results show that genes such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1alpha , and beta 2-adrenergic receptor (beta 2-AR) were specifically up-regulated by CD44 ligation, suggesting a novel role for CD44 in immunoregulation and inflammation.
- ISSN: 1528-0020