Meny

Javascript verkar inte påslaget? - Vissa delar av Lunds universitets webbplats fungerar inte optimalt utan javascript, kontrollera din webbläsares inställningar.
Du är här

Exposure to continuous light disrupts retinal innervation of the preoptic nucleus during parr-smolt transformation in Atlantic salmon

Författare:
  • Lars O. E. Ebbesson
  • Sven O. E. Ebbesson
  • Tom O. Nilsen
  • Sigurd O. Stefansson
  • Bo Holmqvist
Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 345-349
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Aquaculture
Volym: 273
Nummer: 2-3
Dokumenttyp: Konferensbidrag
Förlag: Elsevier Science B.V

Sammanfattning

High quality salmon smolts are essential for aquaculture, enhancement programs and wild populations. However, intensification of aquaculture smolt production and changes in natural habitats can cause sub-optimal environmental conditions, which may result in poor smolt quality. The salmon brain, as the integrator of environmental information, plays a focal role in relaying this information through the light-brain-pituitary axis, which includes retinal and pineal innervation of the hypothalamus. Here we investigated the effect of rearing juvenile Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, under constant light (LL) on optic nerve fiber growth into the hypothalamus. This was compared with the normal increased fiber growth in fish reared under a simulated-natural photoperiod (LDN). Parr were sampled from the LDN group in February and from the LDN and LL groups in May (peak smolt status for the LDN group). Retinohypothalamic projections to the preoptic area were traced using 1, 1'-dioctadecyl-3,3, 3,3-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI) and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Data showed that parr exposed to LL did not develop the same extensive retinal innervation to the preoptic nucleus (NPO) observed in control salmon smolts raised under LDN. Since the cells in NPO are central pituitary regulatory neurones, the increased retinohypothalamic innervation during normal smoltification may be responsible for the increased endocrine response to photoperiod information. The deprivation of photoperiod information, during continuous light exposure, may inhibit the natural developmental program to proceed during the parr-smolt transformation. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Biology and Life Sciences

Övriga

7th International Workshop on Salmonid Smoltification
2014-07-22
Tono, Japan
Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0044-8486

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at] lu [dot] se

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen