Allozyme diversity in relation to geographic distribution and population size in Lathyrus vernus (L.) Bernh. (Fabaceae)
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Plant Systematics and Evolution
Förlag: Springer Verlag Wien
Lathyrus vernus (L.) Bernh. is a diploid, long-lived perennial and insect-pollinated herb with no special adaptation to long-distance dispersal. It occurs on neutral soil in deciduous forests throughout western Eurasia. Due to specific habitat preferences, L. vernus has a fragmented distribution with isolated populations. We investigated allozyme variation at eleven loci in 20 populations of L. vernus from one geographically central region (the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic) and two geographically marginal regions (southern and central Sweden) in the species present-day distribution. There was a clear differentiation between the three regions and the genetic distance between the populations was highly correlated with geographic distance. The total genetic diversity (H-T) was 0.354. The proportion of genetic diversity due to differentiation between regions, and to differentiation between populations within regions, accounted for 10% each. There was no difference in level of genetic diversity between the three regions. No significant difference in level of genetic diversity was found between small and large populations. The genetic diversity in L. vernus may either be a result of the long generation-time of the species or peculiarities in the post-glacial migration species, e.g, survival only in refugia far east of the sampled populations and/or migration as a continuous process not involving founder-events.
- ISSN: 0378-2697 (Paper) 1615-6110 (Online)