Javascript verkar inte påslaget? - Vissa delar av Lunds universitets webbplats fungerar inte optimalt utan javascript, kontrollera din webbläsares inställningar.
Du är här

Socioeconomic differences in the fertility transition: a micro level study of southern Sweden

Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Dokumenttyp: Konferensbidrag


The almost complete focus on the aggregate level in previous research on demographic,
socioeconomic and cultural determinants of the fertility transition means that we to a
large extent not only lack knowledge about the specific mechanisms of the decline, but
also its socioeconomic patterns. In this paper we explore socioeconomic fertility
differentials in an industrializing community of southern Sweden using longitudinal
micro data. We analyze fertility differentials between various socioeconomic groups
over time, both in the agrarian sector and in the growing industrial sector. Data comes
from the Scanian Demographic Database, which contains micro-level demographic as
well as socioeconomic data, including occupations and landholdings. In the analysis we
use hazard regressions with shared unobserved heterogeneity at the family level. We
show that the fertility transition involved not only parity-specific stopping but also
prolonged birth intervals. While the well-off groups had higher fertility prior to the
transition, they started to control their fertility earlier and more consistently. As a result
the socioeconomic fertility differences first reversed and even widened before they later
converged. We also demonstrate the emergence of new fertility behavior in response to
child death, in which a deliberate replacement effect becomes dominating. Also in this
regard there were pronounced socioeconomic differentials in the transition.



  • Economic History


XXV International Population Conference
Marrakech, Morocco

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at] lu [dot] se

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen