Structure and Dynamics for LiBH4-LiCl Solid Solutions
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Chemistry of Materials
Förlag: Amer Chemical Soc
A Surprisingly high degree of structural and compositional dynamics is observed in the system LiBH4-LiCl as a function of temperature and time. Rietveld refinement of synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction (SR-PXD) data reveals that Cl- readily substitutes for BH4- in the Structure of LiBH4. Prolonged heating a sample of LiBH4-LiCl (1:1 molar ratio) above the phase transition temperature and below the melting point (108 < T < 275 degrees C) can produce highly chloride substituted hexagonal lithium borohydride, h-Li(BH4)(l-x)Cl-x, e.g., x similar to 0.42, after heating from room temperature (RT) to 224 degrees C at 2.5 degrees C/min. LiCl has a higher solubility in h-LiBH4 its compared to orthorhombic lithium borohydride, o-LiBH4, which is illustrated by a LiBH4-LiCl (1:1) sample equilibrated at 245 degrees C for 24 days and left at RT for another 13 months. Rietveld refinement reveals that this sample contains o-Li(BH4)(0.91)Cl-0.09 and LiCl. This illustrates a significantly faster dissolution of LiCl in h-LiBH4 its compared to a slower segregation of LiCl from o-LiBH4, which is also demonstrated by in situ SR-PXD from three cycles of heating and cooling of the same Li(BH4)(0.91)Cl-0.09 sample. The substitution of the smaller Cl- for the larger BH4- ion is clearly observed as a reduction in the unit cell volume as a function of time and temperature. A significant stabilization of h-LiBH4 is found to depend on the degree of anion substitution. Variable temperature solid-state magic-angle spinning (MAS) Li-7 and B-13 NMR experiments oil pure LiBH4 show an increase in full width at half maximum (fwhm) when approaching the phase transition from o- to h-LiBH4, which indicates an increase of the relaxation rate (i.e. T-2 decreases). A less pronounced effect is observed for ion-substituted Li(BH4)(1-x)Cl-x, 0.09 < x < 0.42. The MAS NMR experiments also demonstrate a higher degree of motion in the hexagonal phase, i.e., fwhm is reduced by more than a Factor of 10 at the o- to h-LiBH4 phase transition.
- Materials Chemistry
- ISSN: 0897-4756