Control of III-V nanowire crystal structure by growth parameter tuning
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Semiconductor Science and Technology
Förlag: IOP Publishing Ltd
In this work we investigate the variation of the crystal structure of gold-seeded III-V nanowires with growth parameters, in order to gain a cohesive understanding of these effects. We investigate six III-V materials: GaAs, InAs, GaP, InP, GaSb and InSb, over a variation of growth conditions. All six of these materials exhibit a cubic zinc blende structure in bulk, but twin planes and stacking faults, as well as a hexagonal wurtzite structure, are commonly observed in nanowires. Parameters which may affect the crystal structure include growth temperature and pressure, precursor molar fraction and V/III ratio, nanowire diameter and surface density, and impurity atoms. We will focus on temperature, precursor molar fraction and V/III ratio. Our observations are compared to previous reports in the literature of the III-V nanowire crystal structure, and interpreted in terms of existing models. We propose that changes in the crystal structure with growth parameters are directly related to changes in the stable side facets.
- Physics and Astronomy
- Nanometer structure consortium (nmC)
- ISSN: 0268-1242