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Estimating individual contributions to population growth: evolutionary fitness in ecological time

Författare:
  • T Coulson
  • T G Benton
  • Per Lundberg
  • S R X Dall
  • B E Kendall
  • J M Gaillard
Publiceringsår: 2006
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 547-555
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Proceedings / Royal Society. Biological sciences
Volym: 273
Nummer: 1586
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: The Royal Society

Sammanfattning

Ecological and evolutionary change is generated by variation in individual performance. Biologists have consequently long been interested in decomposing change measured at the population level into contributions from individuals, the traits they express and the alleles they carry. We present a novel method of estimating individual contributions to population growth and changes in distributions of quantitative traits and alleles. An individual's contribution to population growth is an individual's realized annual fitness. We demonstrate how the quantities we develop can be used to address a range of empirical questions, and provide an application to a detailed dataset of Soay sheep. The approach provides results that are consistent with those obtained using lifetime estimates of individual performance, yet is substantially more powerful as it allows lifetime performance to be decomposed into annual survival and fecundity contributions.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Biology and Life Sciences

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 1471-2954
  • ISSN: 0962-8452

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