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Sum rules and constraints on passive systems with applications in electromagnetics

Publiceringsår: 2010
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 33-36
Dokumenttyp: Konferensbidrag


A passive system is one that cannot produce energy,
a property that naturally poses constraints on the system. In
this paper there is a review of some results on linear, time
translational invariant, continuous, causal and passive systems,
where it turns out that Herglotz functions are related to the
Fourier transform of the impulse response of such systems.
Some well known facts of this function class is considered,
and a set of integral identities and an outline of the proof of
these are presented. The identities may be used to derive sum
rules and constraints on various physical systems. The theory
is illuminated with two examples from electromagnetics: the
first revisits Fano’s matching equations, while the latter makes
a link to the Kramers-Kronig relations and discusses physical
limitations on metamaterials.



  • Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering


International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory
  • Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF)
  • EIT_HSWC:Antenna MIMO antennas and channels
  • Electromagnetic theory

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