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Adaptation of multi-joint movements during postural disturbances.

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2004
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 149-152
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference
Volym: 1
Dokumenttyp: Konferensbidrag
Förlag: IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)

Sammanfattning

The objective was to investigate the adaptation ofthe multi-segmented body movements induced over time byvibratory proprioceptive stimulation of the calf muscles and by galvanic vestibular stimulation. Twelve normal subjects were with eyes open or eyes closed exposed to vibratory stimulation of two different amplitudes and frequencies, or to simultaneously applied galvanic and vibratory stimulation. Multi-input multi-output system identification methods as well as quantitative analysis were applied to the biomechanical experimental data of anteroposterior and lateral body movements and torques induced towards the ground. The immediate adaptive response to the stimulation onset was that the subjects adopted a more rigid posture with coordinated movements of primarily head-shoulder and headhip body segments. The body-movement amplitudes at allmeasured sites as well as the amplitudes of the ground support forces decreased over time as a result of another, somewhat slower adaptation process. The subjects required more time to adapt to a rigid movement pattern when the subjects were simultaneously exposed to both galvanic and vibratorystimulation. Moreover, the accuracy of the MIMO model andcorrelation analysis between measured torque variance andhead; shoulder; hip and knee movement variance suggests thatforce platform recordings reflect both in anteroposterior and lateral direction the body movements at these sites.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Technology and Engineering
  • Medicine and Health Sciences
  • correlation analysis
  • calf muscles
  • vibrations
  • muscle physiological models
  • medical signal processing
  • vibratory proprioceptive stimulation
  • torque variance
  • postural disturbances
  • multi-segmented body movements
  • multi-joint movements
  • biomechanics
  • anteroposterior
  • head-hip body segment
  • galvanic vestibular stimulation
  • head-shoulder segment
  • MIMO model
  • lateral body movements

Övriga

EMBC 2004 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
1-5 September, 2004
San Francisco, California
Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 1557-170X
  • ISBN: 0-7803-8439-3

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