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Gene expression regulation and lineage evolution: the North and South tale of the hybrid polyploid Squalius alburnoides complex

Författare:
  • Irene Pala
  • Manfred Schartl
  • Miguel Brito
  • Joana Malta Vacas
  • Maria Manuela Coelho
Publiceringsår: 2010
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 3519-3525
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Proceedings of The Royal Society B-Biological Sciences
Volym: 277
Nummer: 1699
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Royal Soc

Sammanfattning

The evolution of hybrid polyploid vertebrates, their viability and their perpetuation over evolutionary time have always been questions of great interest. However, little is known about the impact of hybridization and polyploidization on the regulatory networks that guarantee the appropriate quantitative and qualitative gene expression programme. The Squalius alburnoides complex of hybrid fish is an attractive system to address these questions, as it includes a wide variety of diploid and polyploid forms, and intricate systems of genetic exchange. Through the study of genome-specific allele expression of seven housekeeping and tissue-specific genes, we found that a gene copy silencing mechanism of dosage compensation exists throughout the distribution range of the complex. Here we show that the allele-specific patterns of silencing vary within the complex, according to the geographical origin and the type of genome involved in the hybridization process. In southern populations, triploids of S. alburnoides show an overall tendency for silencing the allele from the minority genome, while northern population polyploids exhibit preferential biallelic gene expression patterns, irrespective of genomic composition. The present findings further suggest that gene copy silencing and variable expression of specific allele combinations may be important processes in vertebrate polyploid evolution.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Biology and Life Sciences
  • hybrid lineage
  • allele silencing
  • allopolyploid
  • gene expression
  • evolution

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0962-8452

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