Meny

Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
Du är här

Anger, depression and anxiety associated with endothelial function in childhood and adolescence

Författare:
  • W. Osika
  • S. M. Montgomery
  • F. Dangardt
  • P. Wahrborg
  • L. M. Gan
  • Eva Tideman
  • P. Friberg
Publiceringsår: 2011
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 38-43
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Volym: 96
Nummer: 1
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd

Sammanfattning

Objective Psychosocial adversity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adults. The authors assessed associations of reactive hyperaemia peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT), a measure of endothelial function predictive of CVD, with self-assessed psychological health among school children. Methods A total of 248 healthy school children (mean (SD) age 14.0 (1.0); 136 girls and 112 boys) underwent RH-PAT testing. They completed the Beck Youth Inventories (BYI) of emotional and social impairment scales, which is used to screen for depression, anxiety, anger and disruptive behaviour. Results No sex differences were observed for the RH-PAT score. Statistically significant differences were observed for the BYI scores; girls had higher scores for depression, anger and anxiety. Among the girls, there were statistically significant associations between lower RH-PAT scores and higher scores for anger (B coefficient=-0.100, p=0.040), depression (-0.108, p=0.009) and anxiety (-0.138, p=0.039) after adjustment for age. Among the boys, disruptive behaviour was associated with higher RH-PAT scores (0.09, p=0.006). Conclusions The girls have higher levels of self-assessed anger; depression and anxiety compared with the boys, and these characteristics are associated with lower RH-PAT scores, indicating attenuated endothelial function. Among the boys, disruptive behaviour was associated with better endothelial function. Although psychological ill-health is associated with impaired endothelial function and CVD among adults, such processes may also be relevant to children. Psychosocial adversity in childhood might be a risk factor for subsequent CVD.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Medicine and Health Sciences

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0003-9888

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at] lu [dot] se

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen