Du är här

Victims of Conservation or Rights as Forest Dwellers: The Van Gujjar pastoralists between contesting codes of law

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 239-248
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Conservation & Society
Volym: 7
Nummer: 4
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Medknow Publications

Sammanfattning

The Van (forest) Gujjars, surviving as forest pastoralists in the central part of the Indian Himalaya, are a people who, due to their nomadic lifestyle, have since colonial rule found themselves at the margin of Indian society. This paper will look at the relationship between the Van Gujjars and their forest base in a historical perspective from colonial rule to 'conservation of nature' and the 'rights of forest dwellers' and further discuss how changing codes and rules of power affect the society-citizen-nature / forest relationship for the community. We will look back into history and see how a system of strict control and regulation of Van Gujjars as nomadic pastoralists without a fixed address, initiated during colonial time, was continued by the national state of India after independence. We will further discuss how a history of unequal treatment and marginalisation of Van Gujjar pastoralists has continued into the present. What is manifest here is 'the forest' as a contested space: a site of power struggles, where forest dwellers are threatened with displacement in order to provide space, first for modern forestry and revenue producing land, and later for conservation of nature. The paper further looks at the latest developments where the Van Gujjars now have obtained domicile rights such as voters' rights and have been linked with Government services for education and health. It finishes by discussing the new possibilities and hopes for the community provided by the The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Social Sciences
  • environmental history
  • NGO
  • power struggles
  • Van Gujjars
  • forest pastoralism
  • Forest Right Act
  • nomads
  • forest management
  • domicile rights
  • victims of conservation
  • forest dwellers
  • Central Indian Himalaya

Övrigt

Published
Yes

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at] lu [dot] se

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen

LERU logo U21 logo