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Specificity and redundancy in the olfactory system of Ips typographus: Single-cell responses to ecologically relevant odors.

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 556-567
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Insect Physiology
Volym: 55
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Elsevier Ltd

Sammanfattning

We screened 150 olfactory sensilla in single-sensillum recordings to unravel the mechanisms underlying
host selection in the spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Odor
stimuli comprised of pheromone (various bark beetle spp.), host, and non-host compounds elicited
strong and selective responses from 106 olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs), 45 of which were tuned to
pheromone compounds, 37 to host compounds, and 24 to non-host volatiles (NHV). In addition, 26 ORNs
responded only weakly to any odor stimulus. Strongly responding ORNs were classified into 17 classes.
Seven classes responded primarily to the Ips pheromone compounds: cis-verbenol, ipsenol, ipsdienol
(two classes), 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol, amitinol, or verbenone, respectively. Six classes responded to the
host compounds: a-pinene, myrcene, p-cymene, myrcene and p-cymene, 1,8-cineole, or D3-carene,
respectively. Four classes responded to NHV: 3-octanol, 1-octen-3-ol, trans-conophthorin, or
indiscriminately to the repellent green leaf volatiles (GLVs) 1-hexanol, Z3-hexen-1-ol and E2-hexen-
1-ol, respectively. Indiscriminate responses from GLV neurons might explain a behavioral redundancy
among these GLVs. This is the first description of individual bark beetle ORNs dedicated to NHV
perception. These comprise almost 25% of the strongly responding neurons, demonstrating that a large
proportion of the olfactory system is devoted to signals from plants that the insect avoids.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Chemistry
  • Biology and Life Sciences
  • Single-sensillum recordings
  • Odor coding
  • Non-host volatiles
  • Olfactory receptor neuron
  • Host selection

Övrigt

Published
Yes
  • Pheromone Group

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