Du är här

Norms and legal rules. An investigation of the tunnel construction through the Hallandsås ridge.

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2003
Språk: Svenska
Sidor: 197
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Lund Studies in Sociology of Law, Lund University
Volym: 17
Dokumenttyp: Doktorsavhandling
Förlag: Department of Sociology

Sammanfattning

In 1992 Swedens biggest tunnelproject begun. Two 8.5 km tunnels should cross a big ridge in southern Sweden which was seen as an obstacle to a fast and efficient railway line connecting Oslo and Gothenburg with Malmö and Copenhagen. However, the project had to stop in 1997 due to environmental damages. With only a third of the tunnel accomplished, the project was also much delayed and had a heavy budget overdraft. This socio-legal dissertation departes from the ambition to answer the overall question how this environmental accident could happen and what role the law played. The law is considered to be a subcategory of norms, and therefore is this latter category used to understand the project and the law. Thus, the purpose of this dissertation is to understand and describe this project in terms of norms. A secondary purpose is to develop a method for this.

The theoretical point of departure is norms in general. A new perspective on norms is however applied in this study. This new perspective suggests that societal systems such as economy and politics can have normative effects and are therefore included in the concept of norms. Another assumption is that norms guide actions. A socio-legal perspective entail that the project is investigated from three perspectives: the course of events, the legal dimension and the normative dimension. After the course of events is described, the legal dimension is analysed in order to find the decisions and the rules that matters in the project. Then the normative dimension is reconstructed with a heuristic model. Finally, a ‘norm' that has guided the actions in the project is constructed. This ‘norm' is built up by four action-oriented systems: the socio-cultural system, the political-administrative system, the economical system and the natural system.

The dissertation comes to the result that we can talk about a normative structure that dominates the project and that the law is part of this structure. This is due to the strong consensus about the basic values which the project is deeply rooted in and to the fact that the law seems to express the normativity of other action-oriented systems, but less so the socio-cultural or the natural systems. Further, the study indicates that the political system seems to intervene in the process of evaluating what is technically possible. Finally, the overall normative perspective adopted here, is thus a way to understand how the law covariates with other normative systems and what the effects are of this. It has also been possible to describe this in figures, however in broad outlines.

Disputation

2003-05-09
13:00
Samarkand, AF, Lund University
  • Inger-Johanne Sand (Professor)

Nyckelord

  • Social Sciences
  • Sociology
  • Hallandsås
  • action-oriented system
  • normativity
  • tunnel construction
  • Sociologi

Övriga

  • ISSN: 1403-7246
  • ISBN: 91-7267-144-0
  • ISRN: LUSADG/SARS-03/1025-SE

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at] lu [dot] se

LERU logotype U21 logotype

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen