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Antibiotic prophylaxis in oral health care: administration strategies of general dental practitioners

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2005
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 321-329
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Volym: 63
Nummer: 6
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Taylor & Francis

Sammanfattning

Objective. To examine the strategies that general dental practitioners (GDPs) use to administer antibiotic prophylaxis and to study the agreement between the administration strategies of GDPs and local recommendations. Methods. Postal questionnaires in combination with telephone interviews were used. Two hundred GDPs in two Swedish counties, Skane and Orebro, were asked to participate. The response rate was 51% (n=101). The GDPs were presented with eight simulated cases of patients with different medical conditions for which antibiotic prophylaxis might be considered necessary when performing dental procedures (scaling, tooth removal, root canal treatment). The administration strategies of the GDPs were compared with local recommendations. Results. In general, the variation in the administration strategies of the GDPs was large. For two medical conditions, type 1 diabetes that was not well controlled and hip prosthesis, significantly more GDPs in Skane than in Orebro administered antibiotic prophylaxis for tooth removal. Agreement between the administration strategies of the GDPs and local recommendations was low. Differences between the two counties were non-significant. Furthermore, within Orebro, GDPs who did not have formal access to local recommendations did not differ in their administration strategies from those who did. The choice of substance was seldom in agreement with the substance recommended, while the majority followed the recommended duration of treatment. Conclusion. Although recommendations existed, their impact appeared to be limited. This is significant, since the implementation of recommendations is crucial in making clinical practice more effective and in promoting the health of patients.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Social Sciences
  • Medicine and Health Sciences
  • of drugs
  • health planning guidelines
  • premedication
  • physiological effects
  • drug prescriptions

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0001-6357

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