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Visual femininity and masculinity in synthetic characters and patterns of affect

  • Ana C.R. Paiva
  • Rui Prada
  • Rosalind W. Picard
Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 654-665
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Volym: 4738
Dokumenttyp: Konferensbidrag
Förlag: Springer Berlin / Heidelberg


It has been shown that users of a digital system perceive a more ’masculine-sounding’ female voice as more persuasive and intelligent than a corresponding but more ’feminine-sounding’ female voice. Our study explores whether a parallel pattern of affectively colored evaluations can be elicited when femininity and masculinity are manipulated via visual cues instead of via voice. 80 participants encountered synthetic characters, visually manipulated in terms of femininity and masculinity but with voice, spoken content, linguistic style and role of characters held constant. Evaluations of the two female characters differed in accordance with stereotype predictions - with the exception of competence-related traits; for the two male characters evaluations differed very little. The pattern for male versus female characters was slightly in opposite to stereotype predictions. Possible explanations for these results are proposed. In conclusion we discuss the value of being aware of how different traits in synthetic characters may interact.



  • Technology and Engineering
  • HCI
  • affective interaction
  • affective tutoring
  • avatar
  • human-computer interaction
  • multi-agent simulation
  • social response
  • virtual reality


Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, Second International Conference
Lisbon, Portugal
  • ISBN: 978-3-540-74888-5

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