Metamagnetism and soliton excitations in the modulated ferromagnetic Ising chain CoV2O6
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Physical Review B
Förlag: American Physical Society
We report a combination of physical property and neutron scattering measurements for polycrystalline samples of the one-dimensional spin-chain compound CoV2O6. Heat capacity measurements show that an effective S = 1/2 state is found at low temperatures and that magnetic fluctuations persist up to similar to 6T(N). Above T-N = 6.3 K, measurements of the magnetic susceptibility as a function of T and H show that the nearest-neighbor exchange is ferromagnetic. In the ordered state, we have discovered a crossover from a metamagnet with strong fluctuations between 5 K and T-N to a state with a 1/3 magnetization plateau at 2 < T < 5 K. We use neutron powder diffraction measurements to show that the antiferromagnetic state has incommensurate long-range order and inelastic time-of-flight neutron scattering to examine the magnetic fluctuations as a function of temperature. Above T-N, we find two broad bands between 3.5 and 5 meV and thermally activated low-energy features which correspond to transitions within these bands. These features show that the excitations are deconfined solitons rather than the static spin reversals predicted for a uniform ferromagnetic Ising spin chain. Below T-N, we find a ladder of states due to the confining effect of the internal field. A region of weak confinement below T-N, but above 5 K, is identified which may correspond to a crossover between two- and three-dimensional magnetic ordering.
- Physics and Astronomy
- ISSN: 1098-0121