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To cooperate or not to cooperate...? Collective action for rehabilitation of traditional water tunnel systems (qanats) in Syria

Författare:
  • Joshka Wessels (Post Doc)
Publiceringsår: 2008
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 381
Dokumenttyp: Doktorsavhandling
Förlag: Vossiuspers
Additional info: The main purpose of this project is to evaluate the sustainability of the use and re-use of traditional groundwater extraction systems called qanats. Qanats are subterranean tunnels that tap the groundwater and lead the water based on gravity to a human settlement and agricultural lands. Qanats played a tremendously important role in the spread of irrigated agriculture and the establishment of sophisticated settlements in dry areas. In modern times, social, technological and economical transformation processes have greatly influenced the traditional use of qanats. The project uses action development research and a livelihood approach to help in the evaluation of the sustainability of use and renovation these ancient irrigation systems in Syria.

Sammanfattning

Communities all over the world are using traditional technologies to extract drinkingwater, irrigate their lands and feed their livestock. But these often sustainable and ancient ways to make use of groundwater are in rapid decline worldwide. A research project started in 1999 to study the rehabilitation of 1500-year old water tunnels called "qanats"in Syria. To Cooperate or not to Cooperate...? discusses results and outcomes of this research project. The main objective of this research is to better understand the proces of collective maintenance of these ancient water tunnels. The study evaluates the social, cultural, political and environmental factors that have driven abandonment and decay of qanats in Syria. It tries to reconcile divers theoretical and conceptual frameworks to study collective action with a human ecosystem approach and develop one with a stronger anthropological reference.

Disputation

2008-05-22
10:00
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Isa Baud (Prof)
  • Lynden Vincent (Prof)
  • Guus Borger (Prof)
  • Mirjam de Bruijn (Prof)
  • Aden Aw-Hassan (Dr)

Nyckelord

  • Social Sciences
  • water supply
  • water management
  • tunnels
  • water distribution
  • rehabilitation
  • cooperation
  • government policy
  • human ecology
  • syria
  • social cooperation

Övriga

  • Anton Dietz (Professor)
  • Tony Allan (Professor)
  • ISBN: 9789056295189

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