Meny

Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
Du är här

Limited male dispersal in a social spider with extreme inbreeding

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 227-234
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
Volym: 97
Nummer: 2
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd

Sammanfattning

Cooperatively breeding animals commonly avoid incestuous mating through pre-mating dispersal. However, a few group-living organisms, including the social spiders, have low pre-mating dispersal, intra-colony mating, and inbreeding. This results in limited gene flow among colonies and sub-structured populations. The social spiders also exhibit female-biased sex ratios because survival benefits to large colonies favour high group productivity, which selects against 1 : 1 sex ratios. Although propagule dispersal of mated females may occasionally bring about limited gene flow, little is known about the role of male dispersal. We assessed the extent of male movement between colonies in natural populations both experimentally and by studying colony sex ratios over the mating season. We show that males frequently move to neighbouring colonies, whereas only 4% of incipient nests were visited by dispersing males. Neighbouring colonies are genetically similar and movement within colony clusters does not contribute to gene flow. Post-mating sex ratio bias was high early in the mating season due to protandry, and also in colonies at the end of the season, suggesting that males remain in the colony when mated females have dispersed. Thus, male dispersal is unlikely to facilitate gene flow between different matrilineages. This is consistent with models of non-Fisherian group-level selection for the maintenance of female biased sex ratios, which predict the elimination of male dispersal.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Biology and Life Sciences
  • breeding system
  • gene flow
  • matrilineages
  • movement
  • sex ratio

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0024-4066 (Print)
  • ISSN: 1095-8312 (Online)

Box 117, 221 00 LUND
Telefon 046-222 00 00 (växel)
Telefax 046-222 47 20
lu [at] lu [dot] se

Fakturaadress: Box 188, 221 00 LUND
Organisationsnummer: 202100-3211
Om webbplatsen