Measurement of radiation distribution on the absorber in an asymmetric CPC collector
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Solar Energy
A method to estimate the annual collected energy and the annual average optical efficiency factor is suggested. The radiation distribution on the absorber of an asymmetric CPC collector with a flat bi-facial absorber is measured for three different absorber mounting angles using a photo diode. The annual optical efficiency factors and a relative measure of the annual collected energy are determined for collectors with the absorber fin thickness 0.5 and 1 mm, and for a collector with a teflon convection suppression film mounted around the absorber. With the local optical efficiency factors and the annual incident solar energy distribution considered, the analysis indicates that the energy gain for a mounting angle of 20 is higher than for a collector with 65 absorber mounting angle. The annual collected energy is increased with 6-8% if the absorber fin thickness is increased from 0.5 to 1 mm. The annual average optical efficiency factor is relatively independent of the absorber mounting angle. It was found to be 0.87-0.88 for a collector with a 0.5 mm thick absorber fin and 0.92 for a collector with a 1 mm thick absorber fin or for a collector with 0.5 mm thick absorber fin with a teflon convection suppression film added. The low annual average optical efficiency factor is not caused by the uneven irradiance distribution but by the relatively high U-L-values. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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