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A Realist Stable Peace: Power, Threat and the Development of a Shared Norwegian-Swedish Democratic Security Identity 1905-1940

Författare:
  • Magnus Ericson
Publiceringsår: 2000
Språk: Engelska
Sidor:
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Lund political studies
Volym: 113
Dokumenttyp: Doktorsavhandling
Förlag: Magnus Ericson, Department of Political Science, Lund University, Box 52, 221 00 Lund, Sweden,

Sammanfattning

Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna avhandling behandlar utvecklingen av den norsk-svenska freden mellan 1905-1940. Efterhand kom denna relation att närma sig Stabil Fred—ett förhållande karaktäriserat av avsaknaden av militärt våld, hot om militärt våld, och förväntningar på hot om militärt våld.



Utvecklingen mot Stabil Fred smammanfaller delvis med den svenska demokratiseringen, och författaren undersöker i hur hög grad den Stabila Freden kan förklaras utifrån teorin om demokratisk fred. Undersökningen visar, emellertid, att även om demokrati spelat roll, kan inte det svensk-norska förhållandet förstås utan att man tar hänsyn till traditionella geo-politiska avvägningar. Således spelar den internationella maktbalansen roll även för förhållandet mellan demokratiska stater.
This study concerns the development of Stable Peace between states in the modern anarchical international system. As a starting point for the inquiry the author argues that the prevalence of this type of interstate relationships—characterized by the mutual expectations that neither military violence nor threats thereof will be employed—may be seen as a fundamental challenge to the validity of prevailing Realist perpectives on contemporary IR.



In the course of the dissertation the author argues that Democratic Peace theory and its notion of shared security identities offers an avenue to investigate and account for the development of Stable Peace. As the Democratic Peace refers to the unit level as the source of explanation, and also suggests that normative considerations may override considerations of power, this compounds the challenge to Realist conceptions of IR.



However, in objection to the proposition that democracy has contextually independent effects engendering Stable Peace, the author suggests that contemporary Stable Peace ought to be understood as a significant historical development and that explanation of this phenomenon can not be reduced to probabilistic generalizations, no matter how robust these may seem. Attention to historical context, moreover, shows that concerns of relative power distribution among egoistic actors in an anarchic environment may be important conditionalizing factors for the ability of also democratic states to enjoy a relationship of Stable Peace. Based on his study of Norwegian-Swedish relations 1905-1940, the author therefore concludes that Realism continues to be relevant also to an understanding of the nature of contemporary Stable and Democratic Peace.

Disputation

2000-04-14
10:15
Eden, room 116
  • Raino Malnes (Professor)

Nyckelord

  • Political Science
  • Political and administrative sciences
  • theory
  • International Relations
  • Scandinavia
  • History
  • Realism
  • Stable Peace
  • Democratic Peace
  • Statsvetenskap
  • förvaltningskunskap

Övriga

Published
  • ISSN: 0460-0037
  • ISBN: 91-88306-24-0

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