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Roots and verbs in North Saami

Redaktör:
  • Ida Toivonen
  • Diane Nelson
Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 137-166
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Saami Linguistics (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory)
Volym: 288
Dokumenttyp: Del av eller Kapitel i bok
Förlag: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Sammanfattning

Although it has been argued lately that roots have no lexical category, a
close look at deadjectival and denominal verbs in North Saami reveals that roots nevertheless differ with respect to their semantic type, and that this semantic contrast between roots leads to systematic syntactic and semantic differences between derived verbs. More specifically, state-denoting (‘adjectival’) roots can combine directly with a verbalizer, yielding verbs that mean ‘be Root’, ‘become Root’ or ‘cause to be Root’. Entity-denoting roots, on the other hand, must combine with a (possibly abstract) preposition before the verbalizer is merged, and because of the obligatory presence of the preposition, the result is a verb that means ‘have Root’, ‘get Root’ or ‘cause to have Root’. Hence, it is not the case that any root can appear in just any syntactic environment.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Languages and Literatures
  • lexical category
  • North Saami
  • roots
  • denominal verbs
  • derived verbs
  • deadjectival verbs

Övriga

Published
  • ISBN: 978 90 272 4803 9

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