Abnormal cytoskeletal protein expression in cultured skin fibroblasts from type 1 diabetes mellitus patients with nephropathy: A proteomic approach
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Proteomics - Clinical Applications
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) develops in about 40% of insulin-dependent type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients, and is associated not only with diabetes duration and metabolic control, but also with a genetic predisposition. Constitutive alterations of cytoskeletal proteins may play a role in the development of DN. We investigated the expression of these proteins in cultured skin fibroblasts, obtained from long-term T1DM patients with and without DN but comparable metabolic control, and from matched healthy subjects, by means of 2-DE electrophoresis and MS-MALDI analyses. In T1DM with DN, compared to the other two groups, quantitative analyses revealed an altered expression of 17 spots (p<0.05-p<0.01), corresponding to 12 unique proteins. In T1DM with DN, beta-actin and three isoforms of tubulin beta-2 chain, tropomodulin-3, and LASP-1 were decreased, whereas two tubulin beta-4 chain isoforms, one alpha actinin-4 isoform, membrane-organizing extension spike protein (MOESIN), FLJ00279 (corresponding to a fragment of myosin heavy chain, non-muscle type A), vinculin, a tropomyosin isoform, and the macrophage capping protein were increased. A shift in caldesmon isoforms was also detected. These results demonstrate an association between DN and the constitutive expression of cytoskeleton proteins in cultured skin fibroblasts from T1DM with DN, which may retain pathophysiologycal implications.
- Biology and Life Sciences
- ISSN: 1862-8346