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Observation of the molten state of nano-particles with an atomic force microscope

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2002
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 2
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: 7th International Conference on Nanometer-Scale Science and Technology and 21st European Conference on Surface Science
Dokumenttyp: Konferensbidrag
Förlag: Lund Univ

Sammanfattning

An atomic force microscope was used to directly examine the physical state of nanometer-sized particles. The critical diameter of indium particles, where evidence of melting at room temperature was observed, was 7.8±1.2 nm. This conclusion is based on a method relying on the manipulation of particles in ambient air and at constant temperature. This method involves a simple set up that permits a combination of both manipulation and imaging of individual particles. To determine whether a particle is molten, three criteria are used: the merging of particles to form bigger spherical particles, a tip-induced shape change and the formation of nanofibres. All three criteria have been checked using other particle materials. The use of the atomic force microscope to determine whether a nanoparticle is molten, is however complicated by oxidation

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Physics and Astronomy
  • 6.6 to 9 nm
  • 293 to 298 K
  • nanoparticles
  • In
  • molten state
  • physical state
  • atomic force microscopy
  • indium particles
  • nanometer sized particles
  • critical diameter
  • room temperature
  • spherical particles
  • oxidation
  • tip induced shape change

Övriga

Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Nanometer-Scale Science and Technology and 21st European Conference on Surface Science (NANO-7/ECOSS-21)
24-28 June 2002
Malmö, Sweden
Published
Yes

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