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Estimation of PAR over northern China from daily NOAA AVHRR cloud cover classifications

Publiceringsår: 2006
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 51-60
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Geocarto International
Volym: 21
Nummer: 1
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Taylor & Francis

Sammanfattning

Incoming Photosynthetic Active Radiation (PAR) is an essential variable for modelling aboveground primary

production of ecosystems through the light-use efficiency approach. A method is presented where daily classifications

of cloud cover (CLAVR) from the NOAA AVHRR satellite sensor is used to estimate surface incident short wave (SW)

flux from which PAR can be assessed. The study area is the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR) of northern

China. Daily time steps of calculated theoretical incoming global radiation outside the atmosphere, is adjusted

according to the clear, mixed or cloudy classification in the NOAA Pathfinder data set at 8x8 km grid-cells. For the

different CLAVR classifications, empirical relationships to atmospheric transparency were established against

ground measurements of SW flux. Clear pixels corresponded to an average 61% penetration of the theoretical

radiation at the top of the atmosphere and mixed and cloudy pixels to 47% and 40% respectively. The CLAVR time

series is evaluated regarding consistency and diurnal precision against measured SW flux and hours of bright

sunshine. Modelled monthly fluxes over the growing season were acceptable compared to measured (NRMSE = 6.

6%) and about as good as deriving fluxes from measurements of bright sunshine hours. The global NOAA Pathfinder

archive provides an opportunity to assess PAR over the past 20 years at a considerably higher spatial resolution than

with methods based on geo-stationary meteorological satellite data sets and without interpolations from scarce

measurements of bright sunshine hours.

Nyckelord

  • Physical Geography
  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Övriga

Inpress
  • ISSN: 1010-6049

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