A measurement-based statistical model for industrial ultra-wideband channels
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
The results of three ultra-wideband (UWB) measurement campaigns conducted in two different industrial environments are presented. A frequency range of 3.1 - 10.6 or 3.1 - 5.5 GHz was measured using a vector network analyzer and a virtual array technique enabling the investigation of smallscale statistics. The results show that the energy arrives in clusters, and that the abundance of metallic scatterers present in the factory hall causes dense multipath scattering. The latter produces a small-scale fading that is mostly Rayleigh distributed; the only exception being the delay bin containing the line-of-sight component. The power delay profile can be modeled by a generalized Saleh-Valenzuela model, where different clusters have different ray power decay constants. It is also noted that the number of multipath components required to capture a majority of the energy is quite large. More than a hundred components can be needed to capture 50% of the total available energy.
- Technology and Engineering
- statistical model
- channel measurements
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- ISSN: 1536-1276