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Criminal behavior in antisocial substance abusers between five and fifteen years follow-up

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 10-14
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: American Journal on Addictions
Volym: 16
Nummer: 1
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: Taylor and Francis Ltd

Sammanfattning

Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is one of the most common co-occurring disorders in substance abusers, characterized among other things by a high propensity for criminal actions. A cohort of 125 substance abusers were followed in a longitudinal design. Patients were diagnosed with ASPD at an index treatment episode, interviewed at five-year follow-up, and followed-up through the Swedish criminal justice register by 2005 for the years 1995-2003. ASPD and non-ASPD subjects were compared using Mann Whitney U test for ordinal variables (number of offenses and months in prison) and chi-square tests for categorical variables. A total of 107 were alive by 1995, when the period of observation began. ASPD diagnosed at baseline was related to criminal offenses and incarceration during the follow-up from 5 to 15 years. For most categories, ASPD diagnosis was associated with higher frequency of offense. An ASPD diagnosis based on SCID-H interview made at five-year follow-up was related to the number of offenses but unrelated to incarceration. In a sample of drug abusers, ASPD was associated with high levels of criminal behavior, even years after the diagnosis was given. A diagnosis based on clinical observation during treatment was at least as predictive of criminal behavior as a diagnosis based on a SCID-II interview.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Social Sciences
  • Medicine and Health Sciences

Övriga

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 1055-0496 print
  • ISSN: 1521-0391 online

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