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Variety and storage conditions affect the precursor content and amount of acrylamide in potato crisp

Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2008
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 305-312
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volym: 88
Nummer: 2
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Förlag: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Övrig information: Departments: Lund Univ, Lund Inst Technol, Dept Food Technol Engn & Nutr, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden. --- Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Plant Breeding & Biotechnol, SE-23053 Alnarp, Sweden.

Sammanfattning

BACKGROUND: Acrylamide, a probable human carcinogen, is formed from the amino acid asparagine and reducing sugars when potato products are processed at high temperatures. This is a two-year study on five Swedish-grown potato clones, two of which are adapted to cold storage. The clones represented a wide range of precursor concentrations: asparagine, 3.7-15.3 mg g-1; reducing sugars, 0.9-14.9 mg g-1. Crisps were prepared in laboratory-scale equipment mimicking industrial processing conditions.
RESULTS: Potatoes stored at 4 °C had significantly higher levels of glucose and fructose than potatoes stored at 8 °C. Acrylamide levels were significantly higher in crisps made from potatoes stored at 4 °C. Two clones with a large difference in asparagine concentration but similar glucose and fructose concentrations gave crisps with significantly different acrylamide contents. The lowest levels of acrylamide were found in crisps made from the potato variety with the lowest asparagine concentration.
CONCLUSION: The findings show that variety and storage conditions influence the levels of precursors. Acrylamide formation in crisps can be reduced by using potato varieties with low levels of both asparagine and reducing sugars. Mass transport of precursors during heating is suggested to be important for acrylamide formation in potato crisps.

Disputation

Nyckelord

  • Agriculture and Food Sciences
  • storage
  • sucrose
  • acrylamide
  • potato crisps
  • asparagine
  • glucose
  • fructose

Övrigt

Published
Yes
  • ISSN: 0022-5142

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