Microfluidic biosensing systems - Part II. Monitoring the dynamic production of glucose and ethanol from microchip-immobilised yeast cells using enzymatic chemiluminescent mu-biosensors
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Lab on A Chip
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Royal Society of Chemistry
A microfluidic flow injection (muFIA) system was employed for handling and monitoring of cell-released products from living cells immobilised on silicon microchips. The dynamic release of glucose and ethanol produced from sucrose by immobilised Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells was determined using microchip biosensors (mu-biosensors) with either co-immobilised glucose oxidase-horseradish peroxidase (GOX-HRP), or alcohol oxidase-horseradish peroxidase (AOX-HRP), catalysing a series of reactions ending up with chemiluminescence (CL) generated from HRP-catalysed oxidation of luminol in presence of p-iodophenol (PIP). The yeast cells were attached by first treating them with polyethylenimine (PEI) followed by adsorption to the microchip surface. The cell loss during assaying was evaluated qualitatively using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), showing that no cells were lost after 35 min liquid handling of the cell chip at 10 mul min(-1). The enzymes were immobilised on microchips via PEI-treatment followed by glutaraldehyde (GA) activation. The GOX-HRP mu-biosensors could be used during five days without any noticeable decrease in response, while the AOX-HRP mu-biosensors showed continuously decreasing activity, but could still be used employing calibration correction. The glucose and ethanol released from the immobilised yeast chips were quantitatively monitored, by varying the incubation time with sucrose, showing the possibilities and advantages of using a microfluidic system set-up for cell-based assays.
- Analytical Chemistry
- Medical Engineering
- ISSN: 1473-0189