New panel results on cointegration of international health expenditure and GDP
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: APPLIED ECONOMICS
This article tests for existence of cointegration between health expenditure and GDP using data from 25 OECD countries for the period 1960-1997. The empirical modelling is based on a heterogeneous bivariate vector error correction panel model that allows for trending data as well as intercepts and trends in the cointegrating relations. Univariate country-by-country and panel unit root tests generally fail to reject the null of a unit root in the health expenditure and GDP variables. Country-by-country results based on the Johansen multivariate likelihood-based inference indicate somewhat mixed results on country-specific cointegration with a rank of one found for 12 countries and a rank of zero for the remaining 13 countries. Application of a new panel test for cointegration rank with higher power than the individual tests indicates that health expenditure and GDP are cointegrated around linear trends.
- Medicine and Health Sciences
- ISSN: 0003-6846