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Svenska Pommern : kulturmöten och identifikation 1720–1815

Swedish Pomerania : Cultural Encounters and Identification 1720–1815
Författare:
Publiceringsår: 2003
Språk: Svenska
Sidor:
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Ugglan. Minervaserien
Volym: 6
Dokumenttyp: Doktorsavhandling
Förlag: Institute of Cultural Sciences, Biskopsgatan 7, SE-223 62 Lund, SWEDEN

Sammanfattning

Popular Abstract in Swedish

Svenska Pommerns historia är en del av den svenska historien. Mellan 1648 och 1815 hörde den tyska Östersjöprovinsen till det svenska väldet. Denna avhandling skildrar människorna och deras syn på Sverige under de sista hundra åren av svensk tillhörighet mellan 1720 och 1815. Hur påverkades provinsens invånare av att å ena sidan räkna sig till den tyska kulturen och å andra sidan erbjudas möjligheten att blicka norrut?



Pomrarnas möte med det svenska och deras identifikation gentemot Sverige genomgick under de sista hundra åren av svensktid tre faser: från det att den svenska stormaktstidens kulturella kapital avvisades över en fas av intensiva kontakter till en romantisk idealisering av det nordiska brödrafolket.



Förutsättning för en sådan förändring var att under upplysningstiden lärda och moraliska sällskap etablerades i provinsen som skapade konkreta mötesplatser. Ett annat inslag i provinsens kulturliv var lärda tidskrifter som över decennierna flitigt rapporterade om svenska ämnen. Genom blandäktenskap, resor och förbindelser till Sverige och ömsesidig migration skapades en allt större kompetens i fråga om språk och historia. Översättningar och resskildringar skapade en förtrogenhet med Sverige som lade grunden för en positiv idealisering under romantikens frambrytning och Napoleonkrigens omtumlande år.
Between 1648 and 1815, Swedish-Pomerania, at the Baltic shore, belonged to the crown of Sweden. It was both a part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation and the Swedish realm. The port town of Stralsund played a key roll in the Swedish economy at the Baltic Sea, whereas the university town of Greifswald was the intellectual centre. On a cultural level, this situation opened up for a double inspiration. This study examines cultural encounters between Sweden and Pomerania and Pomeranian identification towards Sweden in the last century of Swedish reign in the province, 1720-1815. In this mental process, conceptions of history play a key roll. We can distinguish between three different phases of identification, rejection, agreement and idealisation. In the first phase (1720-1740), the ideology of the Swedish Great Power, Gothicism and protestant orthodoxy is represented by the professor of law, Christian Nettelbladt (1696-1775). He fought against what he himself regarded as misconceptions about Swedish history and climate and argued instead in favour of its superiority. Nettelbladt tried to convince the Pomeranians that they belonged to the Nordic culture. But his efforts were rejected. When Nettelbladt left the province, a new generation took its place at the university and a phase of agreement (1740-1780) started. What they had in common with their Swedish colleagues was the admiration for the philosophy of Christian Wolff. By sharing common values, former conflicts were overcome. Through educated journals and societies, areas of contact were created. The press communicated Swedish news, societies on each side of the Baltic Sea elected Swedish and Pomeranian members. Especially the Swedish Order of Freemasons succeeded in building up Lodges in Swedish Pomerania. In literature and historiography, a certain motive of relationship between Pomerania and Sweden was developed. The connection between motherland and province was constitutive for its “happiness”, a common faith was the origin of common fortune. This message was repeated throughout the decades and was a prerequisite of idealisation (1780-1815). A whole generation of writers, artist and historiographers now independently formulated their view upon Sweden and the North. This was a result of a new aesthetics and the severe political development throughout Europe. Especially in the years of the Napoleonic wars, German intellectuals were forced to formulate answers about their identity. Suddenly the Nordic motive became an integral part of the German self-definition. Here, Pomeranian Romanticist played an active roll. After the Vienna Congress, 1815, the last Swedish province became Prussian.

Disputation

2003-06-06
10:00
Biskopsgatan 7, 223 63 LUND
  • Jens E. Olesen

Nyckelord

  • History of Ideas
  • identification
  • press history
  • Freemasonry
  • educated societies
  • Tidig modern historia (till ca. 1800)
  • theories of climate
  • 18th century
  • Swedish Pomerania
  • cultural encounters
  • German Romanticism
  • Enlightenment
  • intellectual history
  • Modern history (up to circa 1800)

Övriga

Published
  • ISSN: 1650-7339
  • ISBN: 91-974153-5-9

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