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Poor sleep as a risk factor for nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescent girls

Publiceringsår: 2013
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 85-92
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volym: 35
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Springer


The purpose of this study was to examine the

relation between poor sleep and nonsuicidal self-injury

(NSSI), and to test the hypothesis that poor sleep is a risk

factor for the development of NSSI in young adolescents.

Questionnaire data were used from a 2-wave longitudinal

study of a community sample of 881 young Swedish adolescents.

The results showed that 7 % of the girls reported poor

sleep (never or seldom sleeping well), and 20–26 % of the

girls reported repeated NSSI (at least 5 instances). Poor sleep

was associated prospectively with NSSI among girls, but not

among boys. Of girls who responded that they seldom or

never slept well at T1, 77 % reported repeated NSSI 1 year

later. Poor sleep at T1 was found to predict the incidence of

new cases of repeated NSSI in girls at T2, independently of

their degree of psychopathology. No similar relationship between

poor sleep and NSSI was found in boys. The present

results suggest that screening for poor sleep in adolescents

may serve to identify a subgroup of girls at risk for developing

NSSI. It is concluded that poor sleep in young girls should be

taken seriously, even in the absence of other self-reported

psychological problems, and that interventions targeted at

sleep disturbances may be important for prevention.


  • Psychology
  • Nonsuicidal self-injury . Sleep . Adolescents . Prospective design . Risk factors


  • ISSN: 1573-3505

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