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Hybrid ultrawideband modulations compatible for both coherent and transmit-reference receivers

  • Shiwei Zhao
  • Philip Orlik
  • Andreas Molisch
  • Huaping Liu
  • Jinyun Zhang
Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 2551-2559
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Volym: 6
Nummer: 7
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.


This paper considers signaling schemes for heterogeneous ultrawideband communications networks that contain both coherent (rake) and transmitted-reference (TR) receivers. While coherent receivers are capable of receiving TR signals, they do so with a 3 dB penalty, because they cannot make use of the energy invested into the reference pulse. We propose a new signaling scheme that avoids this drawback, by encoding redundant information on the reference pulse. The resulting scheme does not affect the operation of a TR receiver, while recovering the 3 dB penalty and furthermore providing an additional 1.7 dB coding gain to a coherent uncoded binary scheme. This can be explained by interpreting the scheme as a trellis-coded modulation. We also provide an alternative implementation that can be viewed as a recursive systematic convolutional encoder. Combining this version further with a simple forward error correction encoder results in a concatenated code that can be decoded iteratively, providing a bit-error rate of 10(-3) at 2.8 dB signal-to-noise ratio in additive white Gaussian noise. The convergence behavior of this iterative code is analyzed by using extrinsic information transfer charts.


  • Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
  • transmit-reference
  • convolutional code
  • recursive systematic
  • iterative decoding
  • coherent rake
  • EXIT chart
  • ultrawideband


  • ISSN: 1536-1276

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