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Ecologically unequal exchange and landesque capital on Kinmen Island

Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 148-167
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Asia-Pacific Forum
Volym: 44
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Academia Sinica, The Center for Asia-Pacific Area Studies


Two conceptual tools in historical analyses of environmental issues and

political ecologies have gained much attention in recent years: ecologically

unequal exchange and landesque capital. The former narrows in on how

societal relations of power allow for the physical transfer of environmental

degradation—upon which our daily consumption rests—to places far away

from our environmentally clean (and therefore often presumed sustainable)

homes, cities and regions. The latter focuses instead on the power of human

activity to improve environmental conditions, commonly in terms of soil

fertility, biodiversity, land cover, carrying capacity, resilience vis-à-vis

ecological degradation, or other dimensions of sustainability. One draws

attention to the geographically uneven and ecologically detrimental

consequences of human activities, while the other draws attention to the

potential of human activities to reinforce the resilience and sustainability of

social-ecological systems. There is an interesting tension between these

processes which calls for closer inspection. The purpose of this paper is to

bring them together in the same empirical analysis.


  • Human Geography
  • ecologically unequal exchange
  • landesque capital
  • environmental degradation
  • land improvement


  • LUCID - Lund University Centre of Excellence for Integration of Social and Natural Dimensions of Sustainability-lup-obsolete
  • ISSN: 1729-2980

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