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Design Exemplars for Synchronous E-Learning: A Design Theory Approach

Publiceringsår: 2010
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 652-662
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Computers & Education
Volym: 55
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Elsevier


Synchronous e-learning has received much less research attention, as compared with asynchronous e-learning. Practitioners that consider using and designing synchronous e-learning are in urgent need of guidance. In order to address this need, we propose design exemplars for synchronous e-learning. They are directed towards a primary constituent community of teachers, administrators, managers and developers of e-learning. The exemplars have been theoretically as well as empirically grounded through cross-case analyses of studies conducted between 2003 and 2006. Moreover, the exemplars have been evaluated by conducting focus group sessions with experienced practitioners having experience of using and developing e-learning. Strong support was identified for each design exemplar. The exemplars can be used as research hypotheses and be tested in future design research.


  • Information Systems, Social aspects
  • Synchronous e-learning
  • Design exemplars
  • Design research
  • Design evaluation


  • ISSN: 0360-1315

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