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On-chip microextraction for proteomic sample preparation of in-gel digests

Publiceringsår: 2002-04
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 413-421
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Proteomics
Volym: 2
Nummer: 4
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: John Wiley & Sons


Despite the high sensitivity and relatively high tolerance for contaminants of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) there is often a need to purify and concentrate the sample solution, especially after in-gel digestion of proteins separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). A silicon microextraction chip (SMEC) for sample clean-up and trace enrichment of peptides was manufactured and investigated. The microchip structure was used to trap reversed-phase chromatography media (POROS R2 beads) that facilitates sample purification/enrichment of contaminated and dilute samples prior to the MALDI-TOF MS analysis. The validity of the SMEC sample preparation technique was successfully investigated by performing analysis on a 10 nM peptide mixture containing 2 m urea in 0.1 m phosphate-buffered saline with MALDI-TOF MS. It is demonstrated that the microchip sample clean-up and enrichment of peptides can facilitate identification of proteins from 2-DE separations. The microchip structure was also used to trap beads immobilized with trypsin, thereby effectively becoming a microreactor for enzymatic digestion of proteins. This microreactor was used to generate a peptide map from a 100 nM bovine serum albumin sample.


  • Basic Medicine
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Enzymes, Immobilized
  • Peptides
  • Protein Array Analysis
  • Proteome
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
  • Evaluation Studies
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


  • Infection Medicine Proteomics
  • Neuronano Research Center (NRC)
  • ISSN: 1615-9861

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