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International Responsibility for Activities in Outer Space in the Modern Space Age : Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty in the context of international space law and public international law

Författare

Summary, in Swedish

This dissertation is set in the context of the modern space age, which is characterised by an overall increase in space activities on a global scale and a relative increase in private and commercial space activities. Space has become a business case.
This study analyses the principle of international responsibility for activities in outer space as mainly codified in Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty. The research differentiates four central aspects that, combined, provide a thorough and extensive assessment of the research topic. The study concludes that:
(1) International space law is a special field of public international law and can best be analysed by taking into account relevant norms of public international law;
(2) The legal regime of international responsibility for activities in outer space draws on norms of international space law, norms of international responsibility law, and norms of the law of treaties. Its conception closely resembles the conception of international responsibility under international responsibility law, however, with the crucial difference that it applies a deviating regime of rules of attribution: States can incur international responsibility for all ‘national activities’ carried out by non-governmental entities under their jurisdiction;
(3) International responsibility for activities in outer space must be considered in relation to other central concepts of international space law such as the regime on liability or the framework on registration of space objects. In this study, the assessment is limited to the elements of ‘launching State’ and ‘State of registry’. The analysis uses a differentiation between static and dynamic norms and assesses their interrelation with Article VI of the Treaty;
(4) The activities of non-State actors are regulated by Article VI Sentence 2 of the Treaty, which constitutes a primary norm of international law. It requires these activities to receive ‘authorisation’ and ‘continuing supervision’ by the ‘appropriate State party’. Interpretation of these elements clarifies the international legal obligations that State parties to the Outer Space Treaty are under by virtue of Article VI Sentence 2.
This study provides methodologies for interpreting international responsibility for activities in outer space in a contemporary context. The analysis shows that the legal regime for international responsibility for activities in outer space remains applicable and relevant, and stands ready to serve as a legal framework for the years to come. Given the characteristic of international responsibility as enforcement mechanism under international (space) law, this finding is of considerable importance.

Publiceringsår

2023-11-17

Språk

Engelska

Volym

1

Dokumenttyp

Doktorsavhandling

Förlag

Lund University

Ämne

  • Law

Nyckelord

  • Space law
  • Public international law
  • Rymdrätt
  • Folkrätt

Status

Published

Projekt

  • International Responsibility for Activities in Outer Space in the Modern Space Age: Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty in the context of international space law and public international law

Forskningsgrupp

  • Public International Law

Handledare

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISBN: 978-91-8039-882-4
  • ISBN: 978-91-8039-883-1

Försvarsdatum

11 december 2023

Försvarstid

12:15

Försvarsplats

Pufendorfsalen, Lilla Gråbrödersgatan 3 C

Opponent

  • Irmgard Marboe (Professor)