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Modification of Charge Transfer and Energy Level Alignment at Organic/TiO2 Interfaces

  • Shun Yu
  • Sarch Ahmadi
  • Pål Palmgren
  • Franz Hennies
  • Marcelo Zuleta
  • Mats Gothelid
Publiceringsår: 2009
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 13765-13771
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Volym: 113
Nummer: 31
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: The American Chemical Society


Adsorption of titanyl phthalocyanine (TiOPc) on rutile TiO2(110) modified by a set of pyridine derivatives (2,2'-bipyridine, 4,4'-bipyridine, and 4-tert-butyl pyridine) has been investigated using synchrotron radiation based X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). For the unmodified TiOPc/TiO2 system, a strong charge transfer is observed from the first layer TiOPc into the substrate, which leads to a molecular layer at the interface with a depleted highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO). However, precovering the TiO2 surface with a saturated pyridine monolayer effectively reduce this process and leave the TiOPc in a less perturbed molecular state. Furthermore, the TiOPc HOMO and core levels are observed at different binding energies ranging by 0.3 eV on the three pyridine monolayers, which is ascribed to differences in surface potentials set up by the different pyridine/TiO2 systems.


  • Natural Sciences
  • Physical Sciences


  • ISSN: 1932-7447

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