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Le , guo and zhe in Mandarin Chinese: a relevance-theoretic account

Publiceringsår: 2007
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 193-235
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of East Asian Linguistics
Volym: 16
Nummer: 3
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Springer


In this paper, I propose a relevance-theoretic account of the particles le, guo and zhe in Mandarin Chinese. Though conventionally regarded as aspect markers, on closer inspection they seem to contribute to a range of interpretations that cannot be subsumed under a semantic category or a specific temporal representation. The explanatory model presented in this paper builds upon relevancetheoretic ideas on encoded procedural meaning and Reichenbach’s (1947, Elements of symbolic logic. London: Macmillan) temporal schemas for the tenses and the aspects. I propose a procedure—a set of interpretational instructions (as described in, among others, Wilson and Sperber (1993b, Lingua, 90, 1–25), Blakemore (1987, Semantic constraints on relevance. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000, Journal of Linguistics, 36(3), 463–486) and Carston (2002, Thought and utterances: The pragmatics of explicit communication. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.))—and a concept activated by the procedure for each of the particles. I show that these particles can contribute to a range of explicatures and implicatures and that their exact contribution to an utterance is highly context dependent.


  • History and Archaeology
  • Particles
  • Pragmatics
  • Mood
  • Aspect
  • Tense
  • Relevance theory
  • Procedural meaning


  • ISSN: 0925-8558

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