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The size of neutral free clusters as manifested in the relative bulk-to-surface intensity in core level photoelectron spectroscopy

Publiceringsår: 2004
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 345-356
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Journal of Chemical Physics
Volym: 120
Nummer: 1
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: American Institute of Physics


A new approach for obtaining an estimate of the effective size of the free neutral clusters is proposed. The approach relies on an experimental measure of the surface and interior or "bulk" cluster atoms provided by the x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and on a model for the attenuation of photoelectrons ejected from the bulk of the cluster as the result of the ionizing irradiation. The experimental part gives the ratio of the electron signal from the bulk cluster atoms to that from the cluster surface atoms for a wide range of cluster sizes and electron kinetic energies. The attenuated response of the bulk atoms is modeled using an exponential law with the cluster size and kinetic-energy-dependent electron escape depth as parameters. For the experimental size range, model-based calculations for Ar, Kr, and Xe clusters are presented. The cluster size estimates obtained from comparison of the model calculations and experimental results agree well with those determined from the parameters of the cluster creation process. The combination of experiment and modeling also makes it possible to estimate the effective escape depth for electron propagation in free clusters. For Ar, Kr, and Xe clusters of varying mean size, absolute determination of the surface and bulk electron binding energies of the core levels used in the experiments has also been made. (C) 2004 American Institute of Physics.


  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
  • Physical Sciences
  • Natural Sciences


  • ISSN: 0021-9606

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