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Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe

  • D Schroter
  • W Cramer
  • R Leemans
  • IC Prentice
  • MB Araujo
  • NW Arnell
  • A Bondeau
  • H Bugmann
  • TR Carter
  • CA Gracia
  • AC de la Vega-Leinert
  • M Erhard
  • F Ewert
  • M Glendining
  • JI House
  • S Kankaanpaa
  • RJT Klein
  • S Lavorel
  • M Lindner
  • MJ Metzger
  • J Meyer
  • TD Mitchell
  • I Reginster
  • M Rounsevell
  • S Sabate
  • S Sitch
  • B Smith
  • J Smith
  • P Smith
  • Martin Sykes
  • K Thonicke
  • W Thuiller
  • G Tuck
  • S Zaehle
  • B Zierl
Publiceringsår: 2005
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 1333-1337
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Science
Volym: 310
Nummer: 5752
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: The American Association for the Advancement of Science


Global change will alter the supply of ecosystem services that are vital for human well-being. To investigate ecosystem service supply during the 21st century, we used a range of ecosystem models and scenarios of climate and land-use change to conduct a Europe-wide assessment. Large changes in climate and land use typically resulted in large changes in ecosystem service supply. Some of these trends may be positive (for example, increases in forest area and productivity) or offer opportunities (for example, "surplus land" for agricultural extensification and bioenergy production). However, many changes increase vulnerability as a result of a decreasing supply of ecosystem services (for example, declining soil fertility, declining water availability, increasing risk of forest fires), especially in the Mediterranean and mountain regions.


  • Physical Geography


  • ISSN: 1095-9203

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