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Influence of urban geometry on outdoor thermal comfort in a hot dry climate: A study in Fez, Morocco

Publiceringsår: 2006
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 1326-1338
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Building and Environment
Volym: 41
Nummer: 10
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Elsevier


There are few studies on the microclimate and human comfort of urban areas in hot dry climates. This study investigates the influence of urban geometry on outdoor thermal comfort by comparing an extremely deep and a shallow street canyon in Fez, Morocco. Continuous measurements during the hot summer and cool winter seasons show that, by day, the deep canyon was considerably cooler than the shallow one. In summer, the maximum difference was on average 6 K and as great as 10 K during the hottest days. Assessment of thermal comfort using the PET index suggests that, in summer, the deep canyon is fairly comfortable whereas the shallow is extremely uncomfortable. However, during winter, the shallow canyon is the more comfortable as solar access is possible. The results indicate that, in hot dry climates a compact urban design with very deep canyons is preferable. However, if there is a cold season as in Fez, the urban design should include some wider streets or open spaces or both to provide solar access. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Architecture
  • urban design
  • heat island
  • urban
  • urban cool island
  • microclimate
  • urban geometry
  • thermal comfort


  • ISSN: 1873-684X

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